Diabetes can cause problems in many parts of the body. The reason is that diabetes damages nerves and blood vessels, and these are found everywhere in the body. Diabetes complications fall into three general categories:
- Nerve Damage (Neuropathy)
Diabetic peripheral neuropathy is nerve damage caused by chronically high blood sugar levels. It can lead to numbness, pain and weakness – mostly in the hands, arms, feet and legs, but also in other parts of the body. The loss of sensation in the feet can increase the chance of foot injuries, which, if left untreated, can lead to amputation.
- Damage to large blood vessels (Macrovascular disease)
High blood glucose causes hardening of the arteries (atherosclerosis), which can lead to a heart attack, stroke or poor circulation in the feet. Heart disease is the leading cause of diabetes-related death.
- Damage to small blood vessels such as capillaries (Microvascular disease)
High blood glucose also thickens capillary walls, makes blood stickier and can cause small blood vessels to ‘leak’. Together, these effects reduce blood circulation to the skin, arms, legs, and feet. They can also change the circulation to the eyes and kidneys. Reduced capillary blood flow may cause some brown patches on the legs.
With good blood glucose control, many of these complications can be lessened and treatments are available for many diabetes-related problems. Ask your doctor if there are treatments that might be right for you.
High frequency whole body vibration with the Power Plate has been shown to significantly increase circulation and microcirculation, and is available for use or purchase at Aevum Wellness, Unichem Faulkner’s Pharmacy. Call (07) 578 5205 for a free consultation to find out more.